Surgery and endometriosis

As a treatment for endometriosis, surgery can be used to alleviate pain by removing the endometriosis, dividing adhesions or removing cysts.

There are two options of surgery for treating endometriosis:

Conservative surgery

Complex surgery

Radical surgery


Conservative surgery

Seeing an endometriosis specialist

If your doctor thinks you have endometriosis, they will refer you to a endometriosis specialist. You should ask to be referred to an endometriosis specialist wherever possible.

Endometriosis symptoms

Endometriosis symptoms can vary in intensity from one woman to another, and the amount of endometriosis does not always correspond to the amount of pain and discomfort experienced. Some women with endometriosis experience symptoms while others do not.

Causes of endometriosis

The actual cause of endometriosis is unknown. There are several theories about the cause of endometriosis, but none fully explains why endometriosis occurs.

It is possible that a combination of the following factors could be causing endometriosis to develop in some women:


We have free publications, factsheets and leaflets to help women with endometriosis, their families, and people who want to learn more about the condition.

Our publications are free to download. You can help us continue to provide free information and support to people affected by endometriosis by donating today.


Endometriosis information for teenagers

On these pages you'll find everything a young person should know about their periods and endometriosis, including what is normal and when to speak to a doctor.

Starting your period

About endometriosis

If you are worried or concerned about your periods or endometriosis, you can talk to trained volunteers by calling our free Helpline

Endometriosis treatment

If you have been diagnosed with endometriosis, your doctor or specialist should discuss possible endometriosis treatment options with you.

Understanding Endometriosis

Endometriosis (pronounced end - oh – mee – tree – oh – sis) is a chronic and often debilitating condition. 


On these pages you will find unbiased, accurate and up-to-date information about endometriosis. You can download any of our publications for further information. If you have any questions or simply need someone to talk to, you can call our free, confidential helpline.


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